iHemp Blog

    Look at our article in Innovation News Network about HempBlock HERE

     
     

    Hemp: The Animal Bedding of the Future?

    With an endless list of options on the market, finding a superior animal bedding product that holds true to the claims on the label can seem impossible. Sifting through pellets versus sawdust, pine flakes versus recycled paper or cardboard, etc. can become an expensive experiment. The good news: hemp bedding now brings that search to a halt. 
    Hemp bedding is made 100% from hemp hurd (that’s the center portion of the plant). It contains no phenols and isn’t palatable, making it a safe option for animals. Let’s take a look at the other perks of using hemp bedding for your stalls or coop!

    Hemp Bedding Is Incredibly Absorbent

    Hemp hurd has a soft, warm feeling and can absorb up to four times its weight in moisture. By removing moisture from your stall or coop floor, hemp bedding also decreases the likelihood of flies and other biting insects moving-in with your animals. Instead of allowing the “pooling” effect of urine in horse stalls, hemp acts more like cat litter and clumps the wet spots together—locking down odors and making wet spots easier to remove. The top layer of bedding stays fresh and dry, keeping ammonia more under control and keeping your barn smelling fresh. In poultry coops and boxes, this moisture control can also stifle the growth of harmful bacteria like Salmonella and Coccidiosis.

    Hemp Bedding Is Low Dust

    Hemp hurd used in animal bedding undergoes a cleaning process that removes particulates from the desired material.
    Less dust is equally important for Horses, poultry and other livestock, as well as for the humans cleaning their living areas. After all, the respiratory system of any animal is delicate and necessary for life! Breathe easily alongside your animals at chore time with hemp bedding.

    Hemp Bedding Is Sustainable and Biodegradable

    The hemp industry is new, blooming, and an advocate for our environment. The plant can be used for a wide variety of purposes and offers four times more yield per acre than wood. Even better, it’s renewed and harvested annually. Because hemp bedding has a finer texture than most wood beddings, it is also much tidier to clean and creates much less unnecessary waste. This both helps you save money and is better for our environment. By supporting the hemp industry, you’re supporting a greener approach to agriculture! 

    Hemp bedding composts in a jiff and is non-acidic, so it casts beautifully in a manure spreader and won’t burn your fields. While hemp bedding isn’t a certified organic product, the hemp plant is naturally mighty, and so it does not undergo chemical treatments before or during harvest—making it a very low risk for pesticide contamination in your compost bin.

     
     

    Hemp fibres 'better than graphene'

    By James MorganScience reporter, BBC News, San Francisco

    hemp field

    Image copyrightTHINKSTOCK

    The waste fibres from hemp crops can be transformed into high-performance energy storage devices, scientists say.

    They "cooked" cannabis bark into carbon nanosheets and built supercapacitors "on a par with or better than graphene" - the industry gold standard.

    Electric cars and power tools could harness this hemp technology, the US researchers say.

    They presented their work at the American Chemical Society meeting in San Francisco.

    "People ask me: why hemp? I say, why not?" said Dr David Mitlin of Clarkson University, New York, who describes his device in the journal ACS Nano.

    "We're making graphene-like materials for a thousandth of the price - and we're doing it with waste.

    "The hemp we use is perfectly legal to grow. It has no THC in it at all - so there's no overlap with any recreational activities."

    Secret sauce

    In countries including China, Canada and the UK, hemp can be grown industrially for clothing and building materials.

    But the leftover bast fibre - the inner bark - typically ends up as landfill.

    hemp fibres

    Image copyrightSPL

    Dr Mitlin's team took these fibres and recycled them into supercapacitors - energy storage devices which are transforming the way electronics are powered.

    "It's a waste product looking for a value-added application. People are almost paying you to take it away"

    Dr David Mitlin, Clarkson University, New York

    Conventional batteries store large reservoirs of energy and drip-feed it slowly, whereas supercapacitors can rapidly discharge their entire load.

    They are ideal in machines that rely on sharp bursts of power. In electric cars, for example, supercapacitors are used for regenerative braking.

    Releasing this torrent requires electrodes with high surface area - one of graphene's many phenomenal properties.

    Stronger than diamond, more conductive than copper and more flexible than rubber, the "miracle material" was the target of a £50m investment by UK Chancellor George Osborne.

    But while this carbon monolayer is the state-of-the-art material for commercial supercapacitors, it is prohibitively expensive to produce.

    Finding cheap, sustainable alternatives is the speciality of Dr Mitlin's former research group at the University of Alberta.

    "You can do really interesting things with bio-waste. We've pretty much figured out the secret sauce of it," said Dr Mitlin.

    The trick is to tailor the right plant fibre to the right electrical device - according to their organic structure.

    "If you look at hemp fibre its structure makes sheets with high surface area - and that's very conducive to supercapacitors."

    The first step, he explained, "is to cook it - almost like a pressure cooker. It's called hydrothermal synthesis.

    "Once you dissolve the lignin and the semicellulose, it leaves these carbon nanosheets - a pseudo-graphene structure."

    Graphene

    Artist's impression of graphene sheet

    Image copyrightSPL

    • Graphene is a form of carbon that exists as a sheet, one atom thick
    • Atoms are arranged into a two-dimensional honeycomb structure
    • Discovery of graphene announced in 2004 by the journal Science
    • About 100 times stronger than steel; conducts electricity better than copper
    • Touted as possible replacement for silicon in electronics
    • About 1% of graphene mixed into plastics could make them conductive

    By fabricating these sheets into electrodes and adding an ionic liquid as the electrolyte, his team made supercapacitors which operate at a broad range of temperatures and a high energy density.

    Direct comparisons with rival devices are complicated by the variety of measures for performance.

    But Mitlin's peer-reviewed Journal paper ranks the device "on par with or better than commercial graphene-based devices".

    "They work down to 0C and display some of the best power-energy combinations reported in the literature for any carbon.

    "For example, at a very high power density of 20 kW/kg (kilowatt per kilo) and temperatures of 20, 60, and 100C, the energy densities are 19, 34, and 40 Wh/kg (watt-hours per kilo) respectively."

    Fully assembled, their energy density is 12 Wh/kg, which can be achieved at a charge time less than six seconds.

    tall hemp plants

    Image copyrightSPL

    Growth of an Industry

    "Obviously hemp can't do all the things graphene can," Dr Mitlin concedes.

    "But for energy storage, it works just as well. And it costs a fraction of the price -$500-1,000 a tonne."

    Having established a proof of principle, his start-up company Alta Supercaps is hoping to begin small-scale manufacturing.

    It plans to market devices to the oil and gas industries - where high-temperature operation is a valuable asset.

    His move to the US coincides with a change in regulatory attitudes - with signs that hemp could be making a comeback.

    In China the crop is widely cultivated, and in Canada, the industry for textiles is growing.

    "Fifty miles down the road from my house in Alberta there was an agricultural hemp processing facility. And all that bast fibre - it just sits in a high bay, and they don't know what to do with it," Dr Mitlin told BBC News.

    "It's a waste product looking for a value-added application. People are almost paying you to take it away."

    And if the technology really takes off - it could help economies, he argues.

    "It's a robust plant - you can even grow it in Alberta, Manitoba.

    "A lot of farmers would be thrilled to grow hemp."

    The science of materials

    https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-28770876

     

     
     

    Building living soil.

    6/29/2019

    We need to talk more about building living soil.


    The painful irony of mulching/planting hemp using miles of petroleum-based plastics instead building living soil environments, will never cease to amaze me. People defend it so hard but I’m over here just wondering when you’ll realize that you are negating your good efforts and #greenwashing your farming so you can make those dollars and distract the focus with talks of CBD.

    It is cheaper overall to build soil and not just consider it as an unrelated host. “Nuisance” weeds grow in imbalanced soils and are there to tell you something is off. Fighting weeds with plastic is cheating/delaying the problem and its long term impact is far greater than you think. When you bring your soil back to life, anything you grow in it will be that much more nutrient-dense and yes, profitable as well so it’s worth it.

    The cannabis industry as a whole is one of the most unsustainable out there, yet the focus is always on the medicine, no matter how poorly it is managed.
    we have to do better.
    https://www.sare.org/Learning-Center/Books/Building-Soils-for-Better-Crops-3rd-Edition/Text-Version/The-Living-Soil?fbclid=IwAR1KwH3cFc8AaRXig1BZ_WGTjxm8Lryb3FN_kAOjlJArPXAIpZpBHy0lC-0

     
     

    What is the Endocannabinoid System?

    Unlike many of the other bodily systems you know and love, such as your nervous system and the digestive system, the endocannabinoid system (ECS) was only recently discovered, in the early 1990s.


    It was discovered so recently, in fact, that it was named after the cannabis plant. That’s because endocannabinoids make up part of the ECS, and they bear a remarkable resemblance to the cannabinoids you find in hemp, marijuana, and other strains of cannabis.

    The ECS is also unique in its primary function. Unlike other systems, which focus on specific systems within your body, such as your digestive process, the ECS works to keep all the other systems functioning healthily. This is the main goal of the ECS: healthy homeostasis.

    Keep reading to learn how the ECS achieves this important goal. We’ll also discuss how external cannabinoids, like THC and CBD, interact with your body’s own cannabinoid receptors.

    What is the endocannabinoid system?The endocannabinoid system is responsible for maintaining your body in a state of optimal homeostasis. In other words, the ECS works to keep your body in a stable condition where everything is working at its best, despite what might be going on outside you.

    For example, your ECS aims to keep your heart rate steady and your body temperature within a set range, no matter what the temperature is outside or if you’re working out. If the outside environment forces your body to react, such as by getting hot when you’re exercising in a hot room, your ECS makes you sweat so you can cool back down. Your body is at its healthiest when it’s in a state of equilibrium, so the ECS works with the various systems in your body to maintain this equilibrium.

    Three main elements comprise the endocannabinoid system:

    • Endocannabinoids: Endocannabinoids are similar to the chemical compounds found in cannabis, such as CBD and THC, which are are called cannabinoids. The prefix “endo” in endocannabinoids stands for endogenous, referring to the fact that these cannabinoids are internally produced by your body. Researchers have identified two main endocannabinoids in the ECS: anandamide and 2-AG.
    • Cannabinoid receptors: Cannabinoid receptors are located on the surface of cells throughout your nervous system and your body. Endocannabinoids, as well as external cannabinoids you ingest, can bond to these receptors, allowing them to communicate with various systems in your body and reset the equilibrium where needed. The two main types of cannabinoid receptors are CB1 and CB2 receptors.
    • Enzymes: After the endocannabinoids have bonded to the cannabinoid receptors and served their purpose, enzymes in your ECS work to break them down, preventing them from overcorrecting. Just as there are two endocannabinoids, there are two major enzymes to break them down. FAAH enzymes break down anandamide endocannabinoids, while MAGL enzymes break down 2-AG endocannabinoids.

    All of these elements work together to help your endocannabinoid system maintain a state of homeostasis in your body. What functions does the endocannabinoid system regulate?Above, we used an example of overheating while working out, but many biological functions benefit from operating within a healthy range. The endocannabinoid system can help regulate all of these biological functions, including your:

    • Appetite and digestion
    • Temperature
    • Immune function
    • Inflammation
    • Motor control
    • Mood
    • Memory
    • Sleep
    • Pain and pleasure response
    The ECS is able to regulate these functions through its communication with the nervous system, digestive system, and immune system—by way of the cannabinoid receptors. Although others exist, to date researchers have focused mainly on two cannabinoid receptors:
    • CB1 receptors reside in your central nervous system, which consists of your brain and the nerves in your spinal cord.
    • CB2 receptors reside in your peripheral nervous system, which consists of the nerves located throughout the rest of your body (enabling your brain to communicate with these areas), as well as your digestive and immune systems.

    Because cannabinoid receptors are located throughout your body, your ECS is able to act with precision whenever it addresses an issue of imbalance in one of your bodily systems. It can pinpoint an area with inflammation and target that issue specifically, rather than affecting other systems and throwing more things out of whack.

    How do CBD and THC affect the endocannabinoid system?Thanks to our body’s endocannabinoid system, natural cannabinoids from the cannabis plant, such as CBD and THC, can also bind to your cannabinoid receptors and affect your body. However, these two cannabinoids interact differently with your body’s endocannabinoid system.

    Like the endocannabinoid anandamide, THC binds with CB1 receptors in your brain. Anandamide has a calming effect on your brain, while THC produces a feeling of being high or stoned. FAAH enzymes can break down anandamide, but they’re not as effective against THC, which is why the “high” sticks around for a longer time.

    While THC is known for its high, its focus on CB1 receptors on your brain has other, therapeutic effects related to your brain function, such as insomnia and pain relief.

    CBD, on the other hand, can interact with and bind to both types of receptors: the CB1 receptors in your brain as well as the CB2 receptors throughout your body. As a result, and the beneficial effects can be distributed throughout your body, relieving mental conditions like anxiety as well as muscle spasms, pain, and inflammation. There’s also no “high” associated with CBD.

    CBD also affects your ECS by inhibiting the FAAH enzyme, which breaks down anandamide. Anandamide produces a calming effect, so by blocking the FAAH enzyme that breaks it down, CBD can be helpful in treating anxiety disorders.
    Homeostasis plays an important role in our overall health. Since external cannabinoids like CBD can bond to our cannabinoid receptors just as well as the endocannabinoids our bodies naturally produce, researchers are finding that CBD products can have wide-ranging therapeutic benefits for various health issues, including anxietyinsomniacancer, and more.

    from https://www.cbdoil.org/


     
     

    HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT CBD

    10/16/2018

    by hempextractplus.com

    There are three main types of CBD...

    Full Spectrum CBD:
    Full Spectrum generally refers to CBD products that contain CBD and in total 113 cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN and even small amounts of  THC (0.3%). 

    Broad Spectrum CBD:
    Broad Spectrum CBD is very similar to Full Spectrum CBD. While Full Spectrum CBD has 113 cannabinoids, Broad Spectrum contains 112, the missing cannabinoid being THC.

    CBD Isolate:
    CBD Isolate is a type of CBD oil that will have nothing but the cannabinoid CBD in it because the CBD has literally been isolated from everything else, because of this, the THC content is 0.0%.

    Mounting evidence suggests that medical substances may be more effective in their whole and natural state. This is why Full Spectrum CBD (Hemp Extract Plus is Full Spectrum!) is often regarded as the most effective version of CBD. 

    For the full book go HERE


    Colorado Hemp Processing Cooperative

    I am partnered with Colorado Hemp Processing Cooperative. http://www.cohpc.org/

    We are trying to raise money to build Industrial Hemp processing facilities in Colorado, but also around the USA. There are 2 processing facilities that I know of in the USA. In order to make the over 50,000 possible products you can make from iHemp (Industrial Hemp) we need processing facilities and manufacturing facilities. So far most of the hemp that is used to make products here in the USA, is imported from other countries. We need to raise more than $8 Million to get a facility up and running. We need all the support we can get. Donation buttons coming soon


    Hemp Processing

    9/5/2018

    We need more of this in the USA !!!!!

     

     
     

    Call To Action

    9/5/2018

    Calling all hempsters !!

     

    The Hemp Revolution is starting!! We need volunteers to get the ball rolling in Colorado, and other states. We need to get some Hemp Processing and manufacturing facilities going, and for that we need volunteers to help with the process of getting things started. If you Love Hemp, and the products that can be made from it, then we need your help. Let me know how you can help

     

    Picture

     
     

    Hemp Plastics

    6/7/2018

    Plastic is use for thousands of items every day. Everything from toys, to food containers to car parts. Believe me, half of my car is plastic.

    Plastic is usually derived from petroleum, oil. Which eventually we will run out of. Also another problem with this plastic is that after it is used and discarded, it will sit in a landfill, or end up in the ocean for another thousand years. It does not degrade very easily. Not to mention all the other harsh chemicals that are put into plastic.

    The best thing we can do is recycle it. It take much less energy to recycle plastic and make new products with it than to make a new plastic product. The problem is, most plastic isn’t recycled. However one good thing that is done with recycled plastic is making plastic blocks to build homes with. To learn more about recycling plastic click HERE.

    Strides are being taken to solve this problem. New ecofreindly plastics and polymers are being made from plants. The best plant that plastic is being made from is Hemp. Plastic from hemp can be made into pretty much anything that plastic from oil can be made from. Hemp based plastic is also biodegradeable. So when it is put into a landfill, it will decompose much faster than Oil based plastics, possibly with in 5 years, as opposed to 1000 years for oil based plastics.

    Picture Hemp plastic is a bioplastic made using industrial hemp. There are many different types of hemp plastic; from standard plastics reinforced with hemp fibers, to a 100% hemp plastic made entirely from the hemp plant. Hemp plastic is recyclable and can be manufactured to be 100% biodegradable.

    ​The most common type of hemp plastics are those plastics which infuse hemp fibers. The benefit of infusing hemp fibers lies in that less plastic is used (less oil, less pollution) and a more durable, biodegradable product is created.

    Sometimes, the oil used in conventional plastics can also be replaced with renewable resource feedstocks including cellulose from hemp, microbially-grown polymers, or those extracted from starch. Hemp plastic can be five times stiffer and 2.5 times stronger than polypropylene (PP) plastic. It also does not pose the health and safety risks associated with certain plastics that are reinforced with glass fibers. Hemp plastic has the ability of being implemented in standard injection molding machines with no modifications needed. Current research into this field has produced fire-retardant products in UL94 V-0, V-1, and V-2 grades. (Foot Note 1)

    The basic building block of plastics is cellulose taken from petroleum, but toxic petrochemical compositions are not the only way to derive plastics. Plastics can be derived from plant cellulose, and since hemp is the greatest cellulose producer on Earth (hemp hurds can be 85% cellulose), it only makes sense to make non-toxic, biodegradable plastic from hemp and other organics, instead of letting our dumps fill up with refuse. Hemp hurds can also be processed into cellophane packing material, which was common until the 1930s, or they may be manufactured into a low-cost, compostable replacement for Styrofoam.

    Henry Ford used hemp-and-sisal cellulose plastic to build car doors and fenders in 1941. On video Henry Ford demonstrated that his hemp cars were more resistant to blows from a sledgehammer than steel-bodied cars were. Hemp is already being made into compressed door panel and dashboards. Carmakers such as Ford, GM, Chrysler, Saturn, BMW, Honda, and Mercedes are currently using hemp composite door panels, trunks, head liners, etc.

    Picture

    A recent technological advance with biodegradable plastics made from cornstarch has led to a new material based on hemp. Hemp Plastics (Australia) have sourced partners who have been able to produce a new 100% biodegradable material made entirely from hemp and corn. This new material has unique strength and technical qualities which have yet to be seen before, and this new material can be injection or blow-molded into virtually any shape using existing molds, including cosmetic containers, Frisbee golf discs, etc. Zellform (Austrian) has created a hemp-plastic resin called Hempstone, for use in musical instruments, loudspeakers, and furniture. Hempstone can be carved in almost any shape making the number of applications unlimited.

    These hemp composites are less expensive than dangerous fiberglass counterparts. Hemp fiberglass replacements would only cost 50 to 70 cents a pound. These hemp composites could replace carbon and glass fibers, which have environmental and weight problems, and run from 60 cents to 5 dollars a pound.

    The reason why virtually all European car makers are switching to hemp based door panels, columns, seat backs, boot linings, floor consoles, instrument panels, and other external components is because the organic hemp based products are lighter, safer in accidents, recyclable, and more durable.

    Picture Picture

    The possibilities are endless with hemp plastics and resins, and bio-composites. Virtually any shape and purpose can be fulfilled by bio-composite plastics. Hemp plastics are already on the rise, it is only a matter of time before we will see the need to grow hemp in the United States to meet our demands. (2)

    1. http://hempwaterbottles.tripod.com/what-is-hemp-plastic.htm

    l 2. http://www.hemp.com/hemp-education/uses-of-hemp/hemp-plastics/

     
      16 Scientific Benefits of Weed – Health Effects of Cannabis

    I found this very interesting.

    Note. This includes Marijuana and Industrial Hemp. Most of these qualities are found in the Cannabinoids and cannabinol whic are found in both plants, however the THC found in Marijuana helps with some issues that Cannabinoids alone don't treat.

    June 2nd, 2018

    By Luka Guest writer for Wake Up World

     

    When I finished digging through countless studies dealing with health benefits of weed, I only had one question in mind — why are we not using medical cannabis products instead of regular supplements?

    In a culture where non-organic multi-vitamins are being mindlessly used (in boatloads) as a “ground breaking prevention for all diseases”, we have decided to limit the public’s access to one thing that actually works.

    Even though we’ve heard a lot of bad things about weed in the last 50-70 years, nowadays, after successful efforts by many of its activists, marijuana is believed to help with up to 24 medical conditions.

    To confirm this, I went over hundreds of studies and found that there are 16 biggest health benefits of weed that can be backed up by science. Here are the real effects of cannabis on the human body: 16 scientific benefits of weed.

    (Cannabis) Cannabis has been extensively used in medicine probably since before 2737 BC, when the ancient emperor Shen-Nung first depicted it as a cure for gout. Since then, there have been many claims of just how good this plant is for general health, and consequently, there have also been many studies proving and disproving these hypotheses. In this guide, we will explore the research behind the many claimed health benefits of weed.

    1. Cannabis relieves neuropathic pain

    For a long time, cannabis was suspected to have positive effects on patients with peripheral neuropathy.

    And there’s a lot of people who suffer from this: diabetes and HIV patients are just some of the more common groups.

    So you can see why this one is important. A study from University of California analyzed the effects of smoked cannabis on 16 HIV patients suffering from painful neuropathy. Amazingly, 10 out of 16 participants reported more than 30% of pain reduction after just 7 days of smoking medicinal cannabis. (1)

    According to a report published in 2012, CBD is the main cannabinoid for treating neuropathic pain, as it reduces the inflammatory response and binds to TRPV1 receptors, which are capable of mediating antihyperalgesic effects. (2)

    2. Cannabis helps relieve chronic pain issues

    Throughout history, cannabis has been used for treating pain and inflammation. However, pain is so complex that its correlation with cannabis cannot be handled through a couple of short-term studies. This topic, alone, requires hundreds of studies, but a thousand mile journey must begin with a first step.

    As it was noted in a 2004 research on 34 patients with chronic pain, extracts which contained THC proved the most effective in controlling pain-related symptoms. (3)

    Here’s what the study concluded: “THC and THC:CBD were effective in relieving pain and improving sleep on a small group of patients.”

    However, a 2009 systematic review of cannabis treatment for chronic pain analyzed 18 clinical trials that dealt with this topic and concluded that, while cannabis treatment is efficacious for treatment of chronic pain, its beneficial effects may be jeopardized by potentially harmful side effects. (4)

    As you know, THC produces psychoactive effects which not many chronic pain sufferers are keen on experiencing.

    To be honest, I scrambled the web trying to find more studies dealing with the effects of cannabis on pain and then I just dropped everything and decided to look for opinions of real people:

    One group claims that weed just distracts from pain:

    While another group does find actual relief:

    So, combined with studies and the people’s opinion, we can safely say that cannabis may be a good treatment option for chronic pain patients — whether through pain relief or just distraction, depending on the person.

    But the most important thing to consider here is to not go overboard: Strains with equal amounts of THC and CBD are probably be the best solution for treating pain, as the health benefits of cannabinoids multiply when they’re combined than when they are isolated.

    3. Cannabis decreases anxiety, but only in low to moderate doses

    In a study from 2011, a team of researches from Brazil’s University of São Paulo set about to explore the effects of cannabinoids (THC and CBD) on people with Generalized Social Anxiety Disorder.

    They found that CBD treatment (a non-psychoactive compound of cannabis) significantly reduced anxiety and cognitive impairment of the test group. (5)

    But, when it comes to stoners sharing wisdom, some say that weed induces anxiety and others that it relieves it.

    So, what’s the actual truth?

    Both.

    If a beginner user consumes, for example, half a gram of a high-THC strain at once, he or she is likely to get extremely anxious and paranoid.

    On the other hand, if the same user goes for a strain with low-THC and medium-to-high CBD content, then the paranoia is unlikely to happen, simply because CBD counteracts the “high” caused by THC.

    Only then does the anxiety-relief kick in. Reducing anxiety with medical cannabis is largely a matter of finding a right strain and then figuring out the dosage, which is rather subjective and should be determined after self-experimenting with different dosages and strains. You can find high quality CBD in whole-plant extract cannabis oils or strains high in CBD.

    Just make sure to keep it moderate at first and work your way up to the perfect dose.

    4. Cannabis has anti-depressive properties

    It’s not a secret that weed smokers are happy people.

    And that is due to two things:

    The high that the plant produces once we smoke it.

    A chemical compound in cannabis that has anti-depressive properties OK, so the first one is obvious but when it comes to the latter, there are a few possible explanations.

    The first study I will reference was published by the British Journal of Pharmacology in 2010, which states that CBD induces antidepressant-like effects, which can be compared to a drug called Imipramine. (6)

    If you’re not familiar with it, Imipramine is a tricyclic antidepressant which is given to patients with major depression and, like other strong drugs, has quite a bit of side effects.

    So as this study points out, cannabis strains with higher doses of CBD seem like a perfect alternative, especially because they do not produce euphoria and psychoactive effects. If you’re concerned whether cannabis may cause depression, don’t be.

    According to an integrative data analysis study published in 2012, which studied 6,900 subjects between adolescence and mature adulthood, there is no apparent link between cannabis use and depression. (7)

    5. Cannabis relieves craniofacial pain

    Craniofacial pain is, in some respect, similar to other types of pain that I mentioned earlier but is different in its location.

    This type of pain is chronic and is limited to the head and neck area. It is mostly caused by dental problems, anxiety and TMD — Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction.

    Even though scientists have confirmed, through various studies, that cannabis does actually relieve neuropathic pain, craniofacial pain didn’t receive that much research.

    However, I dug up a study from 2004 that tackled this issue and found that weed indeed may be beneficial for this type of pain. (8)

    As they’ve put it:

    “These results indicate that cannabinoid receptor agonists may be effective agents for craniofacial pain.”

    Translated into plain English, substances (read: THC) that activate cannabinoid receptors (read: CB1 and CB2), may treat this particular type of pain.

    6. Cannabis helps HIV patients relieve side effects of their therapy

    There are actually plenty of studies that examine the use of cannabis in HIV patients. The biggest study I could find is a research of 252 patients, conducted by the San Mateo Medical Center. The subjects were asked very specific questions concerning their perceived benefits of consuming weed.

    Here is what they said weed helps them with (9):

    • Relieving anxiety and depression
    • Improving appetite
    • Relieving pain
    • Increasing pleasure of life

    This study concluded that we need to continue the research into how cannabis can improve the quality of life of HIV patients.

    I have to say that the overall outlook is positive and that cannabis does seem like a useful addition to standard HIV therapy.

    7. Cannabis has anti-inflammatory properties

    Cannabinoids have also been extensively researched for their anti-inflammatory properties. One particular publication from 2009 claims that administration of cannabinoids can be a potent treatment against inflammatory disorders.

    According to the study, using exogenous cannabinoids (for example, from marijuana) can constitute a potent treatment modality against inflammatory disorders. The study concluded that “administration of THC into mice triggered programmed cell death in T cells and dendritic cells, resulting in immunosuppression”. (10)

    Several studies have also confirmed that CBD regulates immune system response as well. (11)

    Just think about this for a second:

    These findings mean that CBD could be a valid treatment option for people suffering from various inflammatory disorders, such as Crohn’s Disease, Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF), arthritis, lupus, Hashimoto’s disease and many more.

    As the research of cannabis progresses, so will the knowledge of the doctors who treat patients with these types of illnesses.

    8. Cannabis regulates fat cell metabolism, on a smaller scale

    According to a study done in 2005 by the University of California, Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) regulates metabolism of fat cells and therefore produces anti-obesity properties. (12) OEA is a lipid that activates a nuclear receptor called PPAR.

    When you consume cannabis, cannabinoids stimulate your endogenous cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2), which stimulate the production of OEA. OEA then activates PPAR to regulate feeding and stimulate fat utilization.

    Without going too much into Walter White mode (because trust me, I’m struggling here a bit as well) all of this happens on a cellular level.

    Unfortunately for us, there are many factors that go into whole body fat loss, so don’t expect to sit around on a couch all day, smoke weed and get shredded.

    9. Cannabis regulates blood pressure

    So far you’ve got the idea that cannabis stimulates our very own endocannabinoid system, which regulates hundreds of physiological processes.

    Laboratory of Physical Studies from the National Institute of Health published a report which concluded that cannabinoids have powerful hypotensive effects, which they achieve through complex processes involving myocardium and vasculature. (13)

    That being said, I would advise not to attempt to regulate blood pressure with cannabis as getting the dosage right is extremely difficult for many novice users and taking too much weed could induce unwanted paranoia and heart palpitations.

    10. Cannabis protects the brain cells

    Cannabinoids, as compounds, are proven to have neuroprotective properties. This topic was explored in a 2005 study, which found that two CB1 activators significantly reduced hippocampal cell death and that “cannabinoids prevent cell death by initiating a time and dose dependent inhibition of adenylyl cyclase.” (14)

    The main cannabinoid, when it comes to protecting the good old brain cells, is CBD, which has been proven to reduce short-term brain damage and was associated with extracerebral benefits. (15)

    11. Cannabis is proven to relieve spasms in MS patients

    Multiple Sclerosis is an extremely difficult disease that has no apparent cure. It basically inflames the entire neurological system and causes painful and debilitating muscle spasms. Around 90% of MS patients develop muscle spasticity.

    My friend from college actually has MS and I remember that she said, on multiple occasions, how weed is currently the only thing that helps her relax and unwind. So that’s why I wanted to dig a bit deeper into this.

    In their book called “Marijuana as Medicine”, Alison Mack and Janet E. Joy reviewed the health effects of marijuana on many different medical conditions, proving once again just how wide the application of cannabis is. (16)

    One particular chapter deals with the effects of cannabis on muscle spasticity, citing two promising patient surveys:

    In a 1982 survey of 43 people with spinal cord injuries, 50% of respondents reported that marijuana reduced muscle spasticity. In a 1997 survey of 112 MS patients who use cannabis in conjunction with their therapy, 97% reported that cannabis improved spasticity, chronic pain, tremor, weight loss and other symptoms. (17)

    To further supplement these findings, I consulted Dr. Mechoulam’s (the man who basically discovered THC) paper called “Cannabinoids in health and disease”, which states that the combination of THC and CBD lowers the frequency and intensity of muscle spasms in MS patients. (18)

    Couple that with marijuana’s ability to reduce pain, and you have an organic supplement to MS therapy.

    12. Cannabis is useful as a short-term appetite booster

    You probably heard (or experienced) the term munchies — you smoke some weed and then, all of a sudden, you feel like you could eat an elephant (not that you would, actually). Well, it turns out that this is useful for treating side-effects of medical conditions where patients are underweight, such as HIV or cancer.

    Cannabinoids play an important role in regulating feeding behaviors in all mammals. The main group of cannabinoid receptors, CB1, are located in both the brain and stomach, and stimulating these receptors signals to our brain that the stomach is empty and that we need to eat.

    Cannabinoids found in marijuana (largely THC) are able to stimulate these very same receptors, which can produce a feeling of “I need to eat right now”, even though you might’ve just finished eating.

    13. Cannabis relieves nausea and vomiting

    Nausea is a common side effect of many illnesses and their treatments — cancer and HIV/AIDS are among the top causes. So it’s no wonder why medical cannabis was subjected to nausea-related research very early on. The first and the only study I’m going to cite was published by the Hebrew University Medical Faculty in 2002, and it essentially explains how CBD may have therapeutic value in treating nausea caused by chemotherapy. (19)

    14. Cannabis decreases frequency of chronic migraines

    I was pretty stoked for this one as I used to suffer from chronic headaches when I was a kid. A recent study from 2016 researched the effects of cannabis on migraines and concluded that the frequency of migraine headache was decreased with medical marijuana use. (20)

    A total of 121 subjects were involved in the study and besides reporting decreased migraine frequency , unbelievably, 11% reported complete resolution of headaches.

    The study does not state which THC and CBD percentages were used in the research, but it does address the fact that edibles caused more side-effects for this group of patients than other forms of cannabis.

    15. Cannabis relieves epileptic seizures

    Cannabis got recognized for successfully treating seizure disorders after being the main topic of a 2013 CNN documentary, which explored how parents of a five-year-old girl called Charlotte Figi successfully treated her epilepsy with high CBD cannabis.

    There are a lot of people with epilepsy who are treating their condition with medicinal cannabis. And that includes parents who are trying to help their kids.

    In 2013, a group of researchers from Stanford University published a study containing a survey of parents whose kids have epilepsy. The interviewed parents reported extremely high rate of success in reducing seizure frequency and severity. (21)

    Interestingly, they were using CBD-rich cannabis products to accomplish that.

    16. Cannabis inhibits tumor growth

    I saved the best for last. Cannabis has been scientifically proven to inhibit tumor cell growth on rodent and human cells (Petri dish) — but it has yet to be officially confirmed through in vivo testing.

    However, the overall public opinion on this is that cannabis does indeed help with treating certain tumors and cancers. Just look at Rick Simpson’s inspiring story. One part of that can be attributed to weed’s ability to reduce side effects of cancer therapy. The second part is a bit controversial but still very significant: An international team of scientists researched the effects of THC on cancer cells and concluded that the compound actually does destroy cancer cells by stimulating autophagy — a process which promotes cell death. (22)

    But the most unbelievable bit is their official conclusion:

    “These findings describe a mechanism by which THC can promote the autophagic death of human and mouse cancer cells and provide evidence that cannabinoid administration may be an effective therapeutic strategy for targeting human cancers.”

    Whether this will be confirmed in vivo, we just have to wait and see.

    References:

    1. Abrams DI, Jay C, Petersen K, Shade S, Vizoso H, Reda H, Benowitz N, Rowbotham M; The Effects of Smoked Cannabis in Painful Peripheral Neuropathy and Cancer Pain Refractory to Opioids; International Association of Cannabis as Medicine, Cologne; 2003, p.28.
    2. Xiong W, Cui T, Cheng K, Yang F, Chen SR, Willenbring D, Zhang L; Cannabinoids suppress inflammatory and neuropathic pain by targeting ?3 glycine receptors; The Journal of Experimental Medicine; 209(6):1121–1134.
    3. Notcutt W, Price M, Miller R, Newport S, Phillips C, Simmons S, Sansom C; Initial experiences with medicinal extracts of cannabis for chronic pain: Results from 34 ‘N of 1’ studies; Anaesthesia; 2004; 59: 440-452.
    4. Eva Martín-Sánchez, Toshiaki A. Furukawa, Julian Taylor, Jose Luis R. Martin; Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Cannabis Treatment for Chronic Pain; Pain Medicine; November 2009; 10(8):1353-68.
    5. Bergamaschi MM, Queiroz RH, Chagas MH, de Oliveira DC, De Martinis BS, Kapczinski F, Quevedo J, Roesler R, Schröder N, Nardi AE, Martín-Santos R, Hallak JE, Zuardi AW, Crippa JA; Cannabidiol Reduces the Anxiety Induced by Simulated Public Speaking in Treatment-Naïve Social Phobia Patients; Neuropsychopharmacology; May 2011; 36(6):1219–1226.
    6. Zanelati TV, Biojone C, Moreira FA, Guimarães FS, Joca SR; Antidepressant-like effects of cannabidiol in mice: possible involvement of 5-HT1A receptors; British Journal of Pharmacology; January 2010; 159(1):122–128.
    7. Horwood LJ, Fergusson DM, Coffey C, Patton GC, Tait R, Smart D, Letcher P, Silins E, Hutchinson DM; Cannabis and depression: An integrative data analysis of four Australasian cohorts; Drug and alcohol dependence; December 2012; 126(3):369-78.
    8. Papanastassiou AM, Fields HL, Meng ID. Local application of the cannabinoid receptor agonist, WIN 55,212–2, to spinal trigeminal nucleus caudalis differentially affects nociceptive and non-nociceptive neurons; Pain; 107(3):267-75.
    9. Prentiss D, Power R, Balmas G, Tzuang G, Israelski DM; Patterns of marijuana use among patients with HIV/AIDS followed in a public health care setting; Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes; January 2004; 35(1):38-45.
    10. Nagarkatti P, Pandey R, Rieder SA, Hegde VL, Nagarkatti M; Cannabinoids as novel anti-inflammatory drugs; Future Medicinal Chemistry; October 2009; 1(7):1333-1349.
    11. Leinow L, Birnbaum J; CBD: A Patient’s Guide to Medicinal Cannabis; North Atlantic Books; October 2017
    12. Fu J, Oveisi F, Gaetani S, Lin E, Piomelli D; Oleoylethanolamide, an endogenous PPAR-? agonist, lowers body weight and hyperlipidemia in obese rat; Neuropharmacology; 48(8):1147-53.
    13. Pacher P, Bátkai S, Kunos G; Blood pressure regulation by endocannabinoids and their receptors; Neuropharmacology; Jun 2005; 48(8):1130–1138.
    14. Zhuang SY, Bridges D, Grigorenko E, McCloud S, Boon A, Hampson RE, Deadwyler SA; Cannabinoids produce neuroprotection by reducing intracellular calcium release from ryanodine-sensitive stores; Neuropharmacology; Jun 2005; 48(8):1086-96.
    15. Alvarez FJ, Lafuente H, Rey-Santano MC, Mielgo VE, Gastiasoro E, Rueda M, Pertwee RG, Castillo AI, Romero J, Martínez-Orgado J; Neuroprotective Effects of the Nonpsychoactive Cannabinoid Cannabidiol in Hypoxic-Ischemic Newborn Piglets; Pediatric Research; December 2008; 64(6):653-8.
    16. Mack A, Joy J; Marijuana as Medicine? The Science Beyond the Controversy; Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2000.
    17. Consroe P, Musty R, Rein J, Tillery W, Pertwee R; The Perceived Effects of Smoked Cannabis on Patients with Multiple Sclerosis; European Neurology; 1997; 38(1):44-8.
    18. Kogan MN, Mechoulam R; Cannabinoids in health and disease. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience; 2007; 9(4):413–430.
    19. Parker LA, Mechoulam R, Schlievert C; Cannabidiol, a non-psychoactive component of cannabis and its synthetic dimethylheptyl homolog suppress nausea in an experimental model with rats; NeuroReport April 2002; 13(5):567-70.
    20. Rhyne DN, Anderson SL, Gedde M, Borgelt LM; Effects of Medical Marijuana on Migraine Headache Frequency in an Adult Population; Pharmacotherapy, May 2016; 36(5):505-10.
    21. Porter BE, Jacobson C; Report of a parent survey of cannabidiol-enriched cannabis use in pediatric treatment-resistant epilepsy; Epilepsy & Behavior?; December 2013; 29(3):574–577.
    22. Salazar M, Carracedo A, Salanueva IJ, Hernández-Tiedra S, Lorente M, Egia A, Vázquez P, Blázquez C, Torres S, García S, Nowak J, Fimia GM, Piacentini M, Cecconi F, Pandolfi PP, González-Feria L, Iovanna JL, Guzmán M, Boya P, Velasco G; Cannabinoid action induces autophagy-mediated cell death through stimulation of ER stress in human glioma cells; The Journal of Clinical Investigation; May 2009; 119(5):1359-1372.
     
     


    5 Uses For Industrial Hemp You Won't Learn From Mainstream Media

     

    if the video doesn't work, click HERE


    Trees Vs Hemp